Who Rejected The Idea Of Dualism: Exploring Philosophical Opposition
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Who Philosopher Rejected The Idea Of Dualism?
Daniel Dennett, a prominent philosopher in the field of philosophy of mind, firmly opposes the concept of dualism for several compelling reasons. First and foremost, Dennett challenges dualism’s perspective on the causation between the mind and body. He argues that this view is at odds with our current understanding of the physical world as illuminated by the discoveries of modern science. Second, Dennett critiques the very coherence of the idea of dualistic psychophysical causation, contending that it lacks a logical foundation. Lastly, he delves into a third point regarding the limitations of dualism, which warrants further exploration to fully grasp Dennett’s comprehensive stance on this philosophical issue.
What Is The Rejection Of Dualism?
The rejection of dualism in philosophy entails the assertion that the fundamental nature of the world consists solely of physical entities and their properties. In other words, when philosophers reject dualism, they advocate for a worldview where everything, including human beings and their characteristics, can be fundamentally explained in terms of the physical realm. This perspective dismisses the idea of a separate non-physical realm or substances. This philosophical stance seeks to establish that the entirety of existence can be comprehensively understood through the lens of the physical world. (Note: I added information to clarify the concept of dualism and its rejection in philosophy.)
Who Objected To Substance Dualism?
One of the central objections to Substance Dualism, a philosophical theory that posits the existence of both a non-physical soul and a physical body, is known as the interaction problem. This objection was initially articulated by Princess Elizabeth of Bohemia during her correspondence with René Descartes, the prominent advocate of dualism. Substance Dualism proposes that the soul and the body are distinct substances with fundamentally different natures, yet it contends that they exert causal influence upon each other. The interaction problem highlights the challenge of explaining how these two disparate substances can interact in a way that allows mental events (associated with the soul) to affect physical events (associated with the body) and vice versa, without violating the principles of causality or the laws of physics. This objection has sparked significant debate and has prompted philosophers to seek solutions that can reconcile dualism with our understanding of the natural world.
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Dennett’s rejection of dualism is a rejection of the thesis about the mind, and it is only the issues of the mind that will here concern us. As Dennett notes, dualism (i.e. the dualist thesis about the mind) is currently in disrepute: * Daniel C. Dennett, Consciousness Explained.Dennett rejects this dualist alternative on three grounds: first, that its version of mind‐to‐body causation is in conflict with what we know, or have good reason to believe, from the findings of physical science; second, that the very notion of dualistic psychophysical causation is incoherent; and third, that dualism …When philosophers reject dualism, they insist that only physical items (and properties) exist in a fundamental account of the world. For philosophers, then, rejecting dualism means accepting a fundamental account of human beings and their properties as entirely physical.
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- Dennett’s Rejection of Dualism
- Dennett’s Rejection of Dualism: Inquiry – Taylor & Francis Online
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- Objections to Dualism – PhilArchive
- Dualism – Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
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